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c. 460 CE - c. 560 CE
Probable dates for historical Arthur, King of the Britons.
c. 830 CE
Welsh Historian Nennius first mentions Arthur as king and hero of Battle of Badon Hill.
c. 1095 CE - c. 1143 CE
Life of historian William of Malmesbury who mentions Arthur as war-chief of Britons, not king.
c. 1130 CE - c. 1190 CE
Life of French Poet Chretien de Troyes who introduces Grail Quest, Lancelot, and other elements to Arthurian Legend; calls sword Escalibur.
Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of Britain introduces Arthurian Legend and Arthur's sword as Caliburn.
c. 1160 CE
French Poet Wace develops Arthurian Legend further, adds Round Table, calls sword Chaliburn.
c. 1170 CE - c. 1220 CE
Life of German Poet Wolfram von Eschenbach who develops Arthurian Legend in his poem Parzival.
c. 1190 CE
French Poet Robert de Boron develops Arthurian Legend further including Grail Quest, Merlin, Sword in the Stone.
c. 1190 CE - c. 1220 CE
Layamon translates Arthurian Legends into English.
c. 1200 CE
The Welsh Mabinogion influences development of Arthurian Legend.
c. 1210 CE
Gottfried von Strassburg writes Tristan, contributes to Arthurian Legend.
c. 1215 CE - c. 1235 CE
The Vulgate Cycle of the Arthurian Legend composed in English Prose; Arthur's sword is Excalibur.
c. 1469 CE
Sir Thomas Malory composes Le Morte D'Arthur, definitive version of Arthurian Legend including Excalibur as the king's sword.
Le Morte D'Arthur published by William Caxton, becomes instant best-seller popularizing Arthurian Legend.