Geological history of the Earth: the Carboniferous period

Geological history of the Earth: the Carboniferous period

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The Carboniferous period It occurred between 360 and 300 million years ago and was characterized by excessively high average global temperatures - around 20 degrees Celsius.

During the Carboniferous, tropical swamps took over the planet, causing a huge increase in the number of trees on Earth, creating much of the carbon that later became carbon deposits. This is where its name comes from, Carboniferous.

In turn, the large amounts of oxygen caused by the swamps, allowed the proliferation of arthropods, generally small.

The star evolutionary development of this period is that of the amniotic eggs, which allowed amphibians to move further inland and be the dominant species of the moment.

In the swamps turn, the first reptiles evolved.

Throughout the Carboniferous period, global temperatures were decreasing, leading to an ice age on the Gondwana continent which was located around the South Pole.

This event is known as the “Permo-Carboniferous Glaciation”.

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The Cambrian period
The Ordovician period
The Silurian period
The Devonian period
The Carboniferous period
The Permian period
Earth's supercontinents

Images: Shutterstock

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