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A study published last Monday in the Annals of the United States Academy of Sciences (PNAS), has spread that they have found Signs of Sophisticated Beer Brewing in China 5,000 Years Ago, using several plants among which is barley.
The identification of barley residues "represents the oldest presence of this cereal from Europe in China, which means that the cultivation in the country dates back a thousand years earlier than was supposed". "This suggests that barley was used for a long time to make beer before it became an agricultural crop," the researchers said.
The researchers specified that through morphological analyzes of starch, grains and phytoliths (mineral residue from plant decomposition), they found that it was millet, barley, Job's grains and tubers. Some of the grains showed signs that were reminiscent of malting, one of the most important processes when making beer, while the stoves found in holes believe that they were used to heat and crush these grains.
"All archaeological evidence reveals that the peoples of the Yangshao culture made a beer based on mixtures, with sophisticated tools and the management of temperature control," they concluded in the study.
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