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Antoine Balzeau, from the Musée de l’Homme, and Philippe Charlier, from the University of Versailles-Saint-Quentin, conducted a study using a technique called microtomography on the skull of the best-preserved specimen of the species Homo floresiensis.
Who were the Homo floresiensis? It is about tiny hominids who lived thousands of years ago on the island of Flores, in Indonesia, who did not belong to the Homo Sapiens species, but rather had more similarities to Homo erectus.
His research was recently published in The Journal of Human Evolution and the results show that the skull has no trace of any known pathology that has occurred in Homo sapiens, which makes it possible to exclude this fossil from our species.
These hominids are popularly known as "hobbits”And they were about a meter tall. They had a brain the size of a chimpanzee and during their life they made tools, used fire and also hunted.
Many researchers who have studied them for a long time believe that this species was the result of adaptation to an isolated environment as possible ancestors of Homo erectus or Australopithecus.
Instead, other researchers assure that it would be a sick Homo sapiens, suffering from some kind of microcephaly or also that he could suffer from Dowm syndrome among many other possibilities, which would explain the size of his skull.
The specimen with which it has been investigated is the best preserved and the one that is being used to define the species as Homo floresiensis.
Microtomography studies have found that had various problems regarding the condition of the skull. If a medical approach is taken, this skull has many internal characteristics that fall within the normal variation of hominids, such as the absence of frontal pneumatization.
What has also been determined is that in life he suffered from internal frontal hyperostosis. Likewise, other data reveal that it has many similarities with Homo erectus, such as the distribution of the bone, the configuration of the cranial structure and the internal structure, which reveals that they are quite primitive formations.
Thus it has been concluded that there is no stable basis for saying that Homo floresiensis was related to Homo sapiensAlthough data such as the thickness of the bone in the skull do not allow clarifying the definition of this species.
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