The origin of Akhenaten's "heresy"

The origin of Akhenaten's


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With the technological means that we have today, it is normal that discoveries from many years ago are investigated, since we can currently find much more information than two or three decades ago, for example, which allows us to refine much more and be more accurate.

Nowadays you can know more about many important characters in history and thanks to the many discoveries made, characters such as Pharaoh Akhenaten they have a more tangible history.

He was Amenhotep IV, who fought for a religious conversion in Ancient Egypt and in his fight he faced the powerful priests of Amun-Ra, until in the end he managed to close the temples thanks to the army and make only one god, Aten, be venerated.

According to history, both the pharaoh and his own family were more interested in nature and poetry than in ruling. They were also represented as thin people, with high necks, elongated skulls and sloping foreheads.

Experts recommend looking back in time to know a little better what was the origin of the heresy of the pharaoh, exactly until the time of Amenhotep II, who ordered the construction of the Great Stela of the Sphinx, found in Giza.

His son Tuthmosis IV, governor of Heliopolis instead of Thebes, may be the key since married the daughter of the King of Mitani, revealing that there was a certain freedom of thought by not following what could be called the Theban discipline.

Maybe because of it, Tuthmosis IV began to feel more identified with the solar deity of Heliopolis (Aten) than with the one they worshiped in Thebes (Amun-Ra).

For his part, during the reign of Amenhotep III the priests of Amun-Re in Thebes and those of Aten in Heliopolis had little or nothing to do with each other, who based their beliefs on the first dynasties.

During the mandate of this king, he dictated his power declaring that Ra was the god of the two horizons, the sunrise and the sunset. For his part, Aten ceased to be a god to become a means of differentiating between Amun-Ra and Ra-Horakthi.

The worship of Aten caused it to become a monotheistic or henotheistic cult and if the history is studied in depth, one can observe a great struggle not to leave this religion exclusively in the hands of the priests and the only representative is the pharaoh himself.

This caused that when he lost his privileges, the clergy opposed the Aten cult and continued to worship their ancient godsBut everything changed with the death of Tuthmosis IV, where it returned to the previous situation and with the arrival of the XIX dynasty, almost all the vestiges of that theocratic adventure were erased.

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