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From the discovery of Ötzi In 1991 at an altitude of 3,600 meters in the Finialspitze, in the Alps, this mummy has revealed vast amounts of information that have not only allowed us to know more aspects of the human being, or our ancestors, but also many things about him.
We know that he was a Neolithic shepherd and according to the different analyzes to which he was subjected reveal that his remains are dated back to about 5,300 years.
At first it was speculated that he had died after being caught in a snowstorm while hunting, but an autopsy performed in 2009 revealed that had been killed with blows and arrows, but the investigations have not finished.
The popular publication Science He presented an investigation that went further and focused on the last moments of this person before he passed away. Now, according to the team of scientists from the European Academy of Bolzano, they say that Ötzi suffered from a severe stomach ache.
The researchers came to this conclusion after having analyzed 12 biopsies of the mummy's digestive system, where remains of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori have been detected, a microorganism that is found in around 10% of the world population and that can cause stomach ulcers or gastric carcinomas.
This discovery may seem normal and common but it is much more important than you might think at first since reveals that this bacterium has been with humans for at least 100,000 years.
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This information indicates that if the genome is studied in depth, it is possible to better trace the history of our species and to better understand the evolution to which our species was subjected until reaching our days.
This is very important because modern strains of the Helicobacter pylori have at least six geographic origins and one of them, the one that directly affects us the most is the European strain, which is nothing more than a hybrid between Asian and African strains.
In the case of Ötzi, the strain he has is practically an almost pure representative of the Asian strain since it does not have any remains of the African strain, which reveals that we are at the first evidence that modern European strains have a certain influence, which confirms the important influence of migratory flows after the Copper Age.
After studying History at the University and after many previous tests, Red Historia was born, a project that emerged as a means of dissemination where you can find the most important news of archeology, history and humanities, as well as articles of interest, curiosities and much more. In short, a meeting point for everyone where they can share information and continue learning.