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The 2015 has been a year full of history news and truly amazing archaeological discoveries. Tombs of Celtic princes, Egyptian queens, many news from the pre-Hispanic world in America, curiosities and even some unusual confirmations, are just some of the things he has bequeathed to us.
Nor can we be indifferent to the news from the Middle East and the destruction of emblematic cities worldwide by the Islamic State such as Palmyra, Hatra or Nimrud, among others.
As a result, we have developed this Top20 news of the year, which are what we and you believe through the impact they have had, which should be considered among the most important of 2015.
1) Discovery of the tomb of the Egyptian queen Jintakus III.
The year 2015 began with one of the news of the year: the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities announced the discovery of the tomb of the Queen Jintakus III, of the V Dynasty and unknown until that moment.
2) They discover a lake of liquid mercury under a pre-Aztec pyramid.
One of the most surprising news of the year was the discovery of a group of archaeologists, who found a lake of mercury liquid under a pre-Aztec pyramid in Mexico.
3) Discovery of the "White City" in Honduras.
One of the most important news not only of the year, but of History: a team of archaeologists confirmed the discovery of the legendary «White City» in the jungle of Honduras, also known as the «City of the Monkey God».
4) Tutankhamun's nurse could have been his sister Meritatón.
In the last days of the year, French archaeologist Alain Zivie expressed that Maia, the nurse of Pharaoh Tutankhamun, could have actually been his sister Meritatón, daughter of Akhenaten and Nefertiti.
5) Discovery of the tomb of the Celtic prince of Lavau.
One of the news of the year was released in June by the French National Archaeological Research Institute, who unearthed the tomb of the Prince of Lavau, a Celtic prince of the 5th century BC. with a surprising trousseau.
6) Ukok, the Ice Princess, was actually a man.
One of the most famous discoveries of recent years left us this 2015 a totally unexpected ending: Ukok, the famous Ice Princess, was actually a man, as determined by DNA studies performed on his body.
7) They discover a new genetic lineage in an Inca mummy.
The frozen mummy of an Inca child has revealed the existence of an unknown genetic lineage so far, it was named as C1bi.
8) Tutankhamun's tomb has a secret chamber where Nefertiti could be.
Examinations of Tuntakamón's tomb determined the existence of a hidden camera on its north wall, where it is speculated that Nefertiti might be buried.
9) A 100,000 year astronomical map of Bosnia.
In Visoko (Bosnia) a stone with strange inscriptions had been found years ago and in 2015 they managed to decipher it and the surprise was very great: it was not ancient writings but a star map of Visoko's sky 100,000 years ago.
10) ¿The remains of Cervantes would be under a pile of old books?
This year the theory that Miguel de Cervantes He was buried in the Convento de las Trinitarias Descalzas in Madrid, and the discovery of a skeleton from the time of his death has awakened much illusion among archaeologists. Will we confirm in 2016 that they are actually dealing with the remains of the famous writer of Don Quixote de la Mancha?
11) They decipher part of the oldest Egyptian alphabet, the Halaham.
Dutch scholar Ben Haring, specializing in Egyptology, made headlines in November as he succeeded in deciphering a 3,500-year-old pottery shard written in the oldest Egyptian alphabet, the Halaham.
12) Discovered what could be the lost city of Sodom.
A team of archaeologists from the University of the Southern Caribbean has discovered a large number of artifacts and monumental structures that reveal a large city-state of considerable size, dating back to the Bronze Age, which could be the legendary city of Sodom.
13) They discover what could be the tomb of the Maccabees.
The Israel Archaeological Authority has stated that it is quite possible that one of its latest finds is the tomb of the Maccabees, news that, if proven, would be one of the most important archaeological discoveries in history.
Unfortunately, 2015 has also been a year marked by the destruction of heritage by the Islamic State. The remaining seven most important news of the year are directly related to the terrorist attacks in emblematic cities of our past, and their partial or total destruction as in the cases of Palmyra, Hatra, Dur Sharrukin, Nimrud or Nineveh, among others.
14) The Islamic State destroys sculptures in Palmyra.
In June, the Islamic State began the destruction of the city of Palmyra (World Heritage Site by UNESCO), being the target of its attacks valuable sculptures of the city “for representing idols and heretical gods.
15) The Islamic State destroys two mausoleums in Palmyra.
Days after destroying several sculptures in Palmyra, Daesh destroyed the mausoleums ofMohammad bin ali, a descendant of Iman Ali, cousin of the Prophet Muhammad and deeply revered Shiite saint and that of the Sufi scholar Nizar Abu Bahaa Eddine, who lived in Palmira 500 years ago.
16) The Islamic State destroys the temple of Baal.
In March, Daesh continued with the destruction of Palmyra and this time they placed various explosive charges in the Baal temple, causing extensive damage to the temple.
17) The Islamic State destroys the city of Hatra.
In March we learned of one of the most dire events for world heritage: the ancient hatra city (World Heritage Site by UNESCO) and capital of the Parthian kingdom during the 3rd century BC, it was destroyed by the Islamic State.
18) The Islamic State destroys the city of Dur Sharrukin.
The month of March brought us more destruction by Daesh, and the Dur Sharrukin ancient city, capital of the kingdom of Assyria under Sargon II, was seriously damaged by terrorist attacks.
19) The Islamic State attacks the Assyrian city of Nimrud.
In March, the Islamic State bulldozed the ancient archaeological site of Nimrud, a city founded by the Assyrian king Salamanasar I.
20) The Islamic State destroys part of the walls of Nineveh.
In February, we echoed the publication of the newspaper Al Hayat, where it was ensured that a part of the Nineveh's walls were destroyed by Daesh, something that days later was confirmed.
After studying History at the University and after many previous tests, Red Historia was born, a project that emerged as a means of dissemination where you can find the most important news of archeology, history and humanities, as well as articles of interest, curiosities and much more. In short, a meeting point for everyone where they can share information and continue learning.