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A team of archaeologists from the University of York has made public about the eating and cooking habits of the builders of the well-known megalithic monument of Stonhenge, located on Durrington Wall, built approximately 2,500 BC.
Knowing this information has been possible after a detailed analysis of ceramics and animal bones that were discovered in the area, indicating how food was distributed and shared in those years.
As revealed by the chemical analysis of the remains of food that were found in many fragments of pottery, highlighted many differences in the use of containers. For example, it is known that the pots that were found in residential areas were used to cook products derived from animals such as pork or other types of livestock and even dairy products.
It was also revealed that pottery used in ceremonial rites was used for dairy products, which could reveal that milk, cheeses and yogurts were considered exclusive foods that could only be consumed by select groups or that dairy products were used in public ceremonies.
There has also been little evidence of plant food preparation at the Durrington Wall settlement, revealing that different animal products were consumed en masse, mainly from pigs.
A deeper analysis revealed that both in the area and at the time, many pigs died before reaching their maximum weight, revealing that sacrifices were planned for their consumption in different celebrations.
It is believed that the builders of Stonehenge prepared the meat by boiling it and then roasting it in pots, but not only indoors but also outdoors, as if it were some kind of barbecue from ancient times.
In the analyzes, bones of all parts of the skeleton of the animals were found, indicating that the cattle were brought to this place for consumption.
It was also revealed that the animals came from different corners, some of them quite far from Durrington Wall, something that draws attention given that it took the organization of many people to bring the animals to this isolated place, or at least it was believed so until now, but the data reveals that sometimes the story is not 100% sure since it is being rewritten all the time.
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