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The results of the analysis of bones found in a mass grave in 2013 during some construction works where the existence of this grave was revealed. The bones of several individuals were unearthed and since then they have been investigating and carrying out a large battery of tests of which little by little we are learning the results, although there is still a long way to go to establish their identities.
The Battle of Dunbar, held in the year 1650 is considered one of the bloodiest of all those carried out in the 17th century in the UK, and in fact it is also considered as one of the shortest in history. In less than an hour, the English parliamentary army under the command of Oliver Cromwell, wiped out the Covenants, who supported the rights of Charles II of England to the Scottish throne.
At the moment the exact number of deaths is not known but it is believed that they were around 1,700 Scottish soldiers who died not only in the battle itself, they also died of malnutrition, cold and disease after marching some 100 miles from the South East of Scotland to the North East of England.
After the battle, the survivors were taken prisoner and taken to different corners of the world, including the United States, where they worked as servants. They were able to earn their freedom if they managed to save enough to be able to pay their sales price or even if they worked for the entire period that they had been “hired”.
Going back to Europe, what happened to those who died in England It has been a mystery that has lasted about 400 years, but thanks to research from Durham University. The investigating experts thought at first that many of the tests found fit perfectly with a hypothesis, that the bodies belonged to Scottish soldiers, although they could not verify it 100% since the radiocarbon analyzes carried out in 2014 they were not conclusive and even indicated a date of death prior to the Battle of Dunbar.
More radiocarbon analysis has recently been carried out on four specifically selected samples to ensure the most accurate results. To this was combined the discovery of different chemical evidences that showed that some of the prisoners they had smoked clay pipes, something that was used regularly in Scotland after 1620, which led the team of researchers to determine that the date of death is between the years 1625 and 1660.
Now, with more convincing results on the table, it is determined that all the skeletons were of males between the ages of 13 and 25, with a most likely Scottish origin, where they may be the prisoners of the Battle of Dunbar.
After studying History at the University and after many previous tests, Red Historia was born, a project that emerged as a means of dissemination where you can find the most important news of archeology, history and humanities, as well as articles of interest, curiosities and much more. In short, a meeting point for everyone where they can share information and continue learning.