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Remains of a 3,300-year-old lost temple, probably built during the 18th dynasty by Pharaoh Tuthmosis II, have been unearthed at Gebel Silisilah, one of the largest sandstone quarries in Ancient Egypt, located in Aswan.
The temple, previously described as ‘The destroyed temple of Ramses’, was discovered during excavation work carried out by a team from Sweden's Lund University and led by Dr. Maria Nilsson and Dr. John Ward.
«We were very successful in locating the base of the temple thanks to a crude map published by Borchardt and an unpublished plan drawn by Lacovara"Nilsson told‘ The Cairo Post ’.
The remains of the temple have revealed archaeological evidence for at least four chronological periods: Tuthmosis / Hatshepsut, Amenhotep III, Ramses II and the Roman period, according to Nilsson.
Gebel Silsila is a rocky gorge between the towns of Kom Ombo and Edfu, where the Nile narrows and stone cliffs drop to the river's edge.
«The importance of this find is that it changes the history of the place, now we can affirm that Gebel Silsila was not only a quarry, but also a sacred place. Archaeologists are now studying the materials found, and working to produce a 3D plan of the sanctuary, "Dr. Ward told 'The Cairo Post'.
Among other finds in the temple area are some beds from the 18th dynasty, some colored tiles and fragments of ceramics.
"The remains of the temple have measures of 35.2 × 18.4 and include four different levels, columns and interior and exterior walls," according to Nilsson, who has also said that in the first phase the construction of the temple was carried out with limestone, which is unique in a stone quarry and could mean the change from limestone to sandstone construction.