Neanderthals disappeared earlier in the Iberian Peninsula than in the rest of Europe

Neanderthals disappeared earlier in the Iberian Peninsula than in the rest of Europe

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A study has recently been published in the Journal of Human Evolution, and in which different researchers from the University of La Laguna participate, where it is shown that Neanderthals disappeared from the Iberian Peninsula about 45,000 years ago, before the same thing happened in the rest of Europe.

In a press release made public from the ULL, it is indicated that so far, the disappearance of Neanderthals in Europe was about 40,000 years ago as shown by some fossil remains that have been found scattered from the Black Sea to the Atlantic coast of Spain.

Despite this, a new study has been carried out where the date provided so far changes due to the data that have been provided from the El Salt deposit, in the Valencian Community.

It has to be said that until now there was no direct dating in Spain about the human remains of Neanderthals that could show recent dates, since the closest remains are dated between 43,000 and 45,000 years. It is revealed that the process of disappearance of the Neanderthals was somewhat complex and with special characteristics in different corners of the European continent.

Thanks to this study, it is allowed create a more regional reading, limited mainly to the Iberian Peninsula, coinciding with the remains that have been found in other sites in Spain such as El Salt.

The most modern techniques available today have been used, with high resolution techniques, where palaeoenvironmental and archaeological data are combined, which show that there was a notable weakening of the Neanderthal population, something that was gradually lengthening for several millennia, where human groups were less and less numerous.

It has been wanted to highlight that This disappearance coincided with a climate change that caused colder and more arid situations, something that undoubtedly influenced the lifestyle of Neanderthals, this being another reason why Neanderthals disappeared in Spain before in any other corner of Europe.

We still have to continue studying in depth all the data that are available pertaining to the archaeological site of El Salt, but they will surely continue to reveal important data about the distant history of the Neanderthals in what is today Spain and Portugal.

Image credit: Erix

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