Six tombs containing mummies belonging to elite figures of 26th Dynasty unearthed in Egypt

Six tombs containing mummies belonging to elite figures of 26th Dynasty unearthed in Egypt


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Six ancient Egyptian tombs belonging to elite members of the 26 th dynasty of the Late Pharaonic Period have been excavated by an Egyptian archaeological team. The Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities reports that the tombs were looted in the unrest of 2011 but a number of stunning artifacts were still found.

Archaeologists unearthed some sarcophagi with mummies intact, statues of the falcon-headed god Horus and his four sons, and amulets of different colors, shapes and sizes, reports AhramOnline . Researchers do not yet know who these people of the 26 th dynasty were, though it's believed they were powerful figures of Egyptian society.

A statue of a son of Horus in faience found in one of the tombs (Egypt Ministry of Antiquities photo)

The site is in a cemetery or necropolis near the Nile River on the west bank of Aswan, near Aghakhan's mausoleum. Previously only tombs from the early and middle dynasties had been excavated in the area, so this is the first tomb belonging to the 26 th dynasty ever recovered from the region.

An ancient history website describes the 26 th dynasty as a Renaissance, which came after Assyrian conquerors left and Egyptian governors declared themselves kings. The first of the Saite kings, as they were known, was Psammetichus I.

“Psammetichus unified Egypt, inaugurated an age of great prosperity, and was clever enough to give the Assyrians the impression that he still served them,” says Livius.org .

The tombs are of the final stretch of the Late Period, a powerful dynasty that ruled from 664 BC to 332 BC, said Mamdouh Eldamaty, Egypt's minister of antiquities.

Historians say the prosperity of the time is evident in the many temples built then and the precise care taken to reproduce ancient artworks and literary texts. Also, archaeologists have found that the number of contracts written on papyrus from this era was increasing.

"With this tombs collection, the Aswan ancient Egyptian necropolis has been completed," said Mamdouh Eldamaty, minister of antiquities. He said wooden and limestone sarcophagi were found with mummies in them. The statues of Horus' sons were made of faience and the statuettes of Horus himself are of wood. Faience is tin-glazed pottery on earthenware.

A wooden statue of Horus, the falcon-headed god and son of Osiris, considered a savior god of many people of ancient Egypt. (Egypt Ministry of Antiquities photo)

A 30-step stairway leads to the underground tombs, which have three or four chambers, said Nasr Salama, director Aswan Antiquities.

Salama said the tombs are undecorated, but another official, Mostafa Khalil, said they're engraved. He also said illegal excavations took place during the Egyptian uprising of early 2011.

A 30-step stairway leads underground to the tombs, which are near Aswan on the Nile River. (Photo by Egypt Ministry of Antiquities)

The Saite kings used Greek and Carian mercenaries against their enemies. They conquered Kush or Sudan, parts of Palestine and Judea. They built a navy and had an admiralty. Babylonians expelled the Egyptians from Asia, leaving as refugees some Judeans who preferred Egypt to Babylon. The Saite King Amasis conquered Cyprus and entered into a naval alliance with Polycrates, a tyrant of Samos.

In 525 the Persians conquered Egypt. One factor for Persia's dominance was that Egypt had no iron and its best weapons were bronze, Livius.org says.

Featured image: A limestone sarcophagus of an unknown person has been unearthed near Aswan. Some of the sarcophagi at the site have mummies intact. (Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities photo)

By Mark Miller


Egypt continues to broker Gaza truce, as Blinken heads to Israel

Dozens of 2,500-year-old coffins found in the vast Saqqara necropolis in Egypt went on display Saturday.

The 59 coffins belonging to Egyptian priests and clerks from the 26th dynasty were discovered in August at the site south of Cairo. They were buried in three 30- to 40-foot shafts, along with 28 statues of the ancient Egyptian God Seker, one of the most important funerary deities, Reuters reported.

The coffins were in perfect condition thanks to a protective seal that preserved them from chemical reactions over the centuries, said Mostafa al-Waziri, secretary-general of Egypt’s Supreme Council of Antiquities. Initial studies show that the decorated coffins were made for priests, top officials and elites from the Pharaonic Late Period (664-525 B.C.).

One was opened in front of reporters to reveal the mummy inside, The Associated Press reported.

The Egyptian archaeological mission behind the discovery began digging in 2018. Prior discoveries included a cache of mummified animals and the well-preserved tomb of a fifth dynasty royal priest called “Wahtye.”

The Saqqara plateau hosts at least 11 pyramids, including the Step Pyramid, along with hundreds of tombs of ancient officials and other sites that range from the 1st Dynasty (2920 B.C.-2770 B.C.) to the Coptic period (395-642).

The mission will continue opening the coffins and studying their contents before their eventual display at the Grand Egyptian Museum, expected to open next year.


Ancient Egypt this week: Isis to Osiris, Engineering Feats, Egyptian Blue, Recovered statue, Valley of Kings at Night, Rare Shroud, Tut-inspired jewelry, Papyrus discovery, and Pyramids from Space

Helsinki theatre changes name from Isis to Osiris
Is a name change a sign of surrender by an organisation whose name has been co-opted by a ruthless jihadist group? That question has been pondered by at least two Finnish firms.

In short:
The Great Pyramid of Giza
The Egyptian System of Measurement
The Tubular Drill
The Sphinx
The Ancient Egyptian Cutting Tools
The Granite and Basalt Boxes
The Statue of Ramses II at Memphis
The Statue of Ramses II at Luxor
The Egyptian Lathe

Egyptian Blue, also known as calcium copper silicate, is one of the first artificial pigments used by man. The oldest known example of the exquisite pigment is said to be about 5000 years old. It was found in a tomb painting from the reign of Ka-Sen, the last pharaoh of the First Dynasty.

Egypt stopped the sale of a 2,700 year-old Egyptian statue that was put up for sale in a Germany-based auction hall. The statue was stolen from the storerooms of the Antiquities Ministry in Aswan’s Elephantine Island, which were looted in 2013.

For more information, see this article in the Cairo Post.

A whole new way to experience the New Kingdom pharaohs' sacred burial ground., or as one of the original visitors might have said, "I, Philastrios the Alexandrian, who have come to Thebes, and who have seen with my eyes the Colossi, and the work of these tombs of astounding horror, have spent a delightful day."

A rare ancient Egyptian burial cloth, more than 3,000 years old, is to go under the hammer in Paris. Such artifacts are usually found only in museum collections.

The small square of vividly painted fabric is among roughly 20 known to exist in the world. The majority are on display at museums like the Louvre and the New York Metropolitan Museum of Art.

It couldn’t have been easy to stand out among all the flapper fringe of the Roaring 20s, but Linda Lee Porter, wife of the iconic Broadway composer Cole Porter, pulled it off with a belt buckle.

Mrs. Porter commissioned Cartier to create a scarab-beetle-shaped buckle brooch (on the far right) inspired by the ancient Egyptian treasures unearthed from King Tutankhamen’s tomb three years earlier in 1923. Unlike costume-jewelry copycats and even fine pieces imitating the loot from the boy king’s tomb, hers was made from actual ancient Egyptian artifacts—namely, faience (glazed ceramic, often blue-green) culled from Louis Cartier’s collection. For good measure, Cartier set it with diamonds and sapphires in the fresh art-deco style of the time.

A valuable collection of ancient Egyptian papyrus manuscripts has been discovered in the University of Basel’s library after being forgotten for more than a century. The 2,000-year-old texts, written in Greek, Latin, Coptic Egyptian and hieratic, were acquired by the university 115 years ago but were subsequently overlooked.

A message from Nasa Astronaut Terry W. Virts:

It took me until my last day in space to get a good picture of these!



26th dynasty

Bust of Nefertiti, Egypt, Tell el-Amarna, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, around 1351-1334 BC, gifted by James Simon © Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Ägyptisches Museum und Papyrussammlung / Margarete Büsing. Head of a statue of King Amais of Sais in the room Pharaoh, Late Period, 26th Dynasty. 570-526 BC © Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Ägyptisches. . This dynasty is often considered part of the Third Intermediate Period. Twenty-Fourth Dynasty Name Dates Tefnakhte I: Unknown Bakenranef (Bocchoris) 725 - 720 BC.

Egyptian 26th: Statue Iahmes Saneith high-ranking civil&mldr Kunstdruck, Leinwandbild, gerahmtes Bild, Glasbild und Tapete. Jetzt günstig kaufen - auch auf Rechnung AN EGYPTIAN BRONZE FIGURE OF PHARAOH NECHO II LATE PERIOD, 26TH DYNASTY, REIGN OF NECHO II, CIRCA 610-595 B.C. Solid cast, depicted kneeling, his feet separated, the toes splayed, his arms lowered, bent at the elbows and projecting forward above gently sloping thighs, his hands with the palms turned in, once holding a now-missing offering, his torso with broad shoulders, a slender waist and a. Das Kunstwerk Sarcophagus and mummified body of Psametik I (664-610 BC) Late Period - Egyptian 26th Dynasty liefern wir als Kunstdruck auf Leinwand, Poster, Dibondbild oder auf edelstem Büttenpapier. Sie bestimmen die Größen selbst

Das Kunstwerk Apis bull, Late Period (solid cast bronze) - Egyptian 26th Dynasty liefern wir als Kunstdruck auf Leinwand, Poster, Dibondbild oder auf edelstem Büttenpapier. Sie bestimmen die Größen selbst C. 664-525 BC - Late Period. 26th Dynasty. A nice example of a blue glazed ushabti wearing a tripartite wig and holding a pick and hoe with a seed basket over left shoulder. Nice style and intact with clear detail. Size: 85mm length Provenance The seller of this lot hereby guarantees that this object was obtained legally. Purchased by the current owner in 2021 from Ex Provincial Auction. Ex L.W Collection from 1950's 22.11.2013 - Sphinx King Apries. (589-570 BC), 26th dynasty | Louvre Museu 26th Dynasty, Third Intermediate. Subject: eye of horus. Department: Ancient Egypt & Sudan. Object reference numbers: 1897,0508.60 EA29222. File size: 32.95 MB - 3805 x 3027px 32.22cm x 25.63cm @300ppi. More information Related keywords. Add to basket. Add to lightbox. Calculate price. Print. Interested in commissioning new photography? Contact [email protected] Sign up for our newsletter.

26th Dynasty, 664 - 525 BC Mehr. ägyptisch Gabbro Stone Schüssel - 4.9×5.6×.. cm - (9) Old Kingdom, 1.-2. Dynasty, ca. 2900-2590 B.C. - Ägypten Mehr. Römisches Reich Gold Blattanhänger - (1) 2nd/3rd Century AD Mehr. Römisches Reich Bronze Figur des Gottes Neptun mit einem Delphin H: 13,2 cm. 1st - 2nd century AD Mehr. Römisches Reich Gold 2 goldene Ohrringe & Naturperlen - (2) 1er. Bild und Charakter der ägyptischen 26. Dynastie. Altorientalische Forschungen 28, 165-182, 2001. Karl Jansen-Winkeln. Download PDF. Download Full PDF Package. This paper. A short summary of this paper. 3 Full PDFs related to this paper. READ PAPER. Bild und Charakter der ägyptischen 26. Dynastie. Download . Bild und Charakter der ägyptischen 26. Dynastie. Karl Jansen-Winkeln. Loading. Volume 1 moves the 26th dynasty forward in time 121 years, from the traditional dates 664-525 B.C. to a position overlapping a slightly extended 27th (Persian) dynasty (543-404 B.C.). Volume 2 repositions dynasty 25 roughly between the dates 637 and 565 B.C. and argues strenuously that Piankhi, its founder, assumed as an Egyptian name the nomen and prenomen Menkheperre Thutmose, identifying.

Das Fonds-Datenblatt Dynasty HY 26 BHC LU2167606388 zeigt aktuelle Kurse und Stammdaten. Nachrichten und historische Kurse zum Dynasty HY 26 BH View Academics in 26th Saite Dynasty on Academia.edu

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The Giza Plateau fell into ruins after this period and sat abandoned for a number of centuries, until Dynasty 26 (664 BCE-525 BCE). This is also known as the Saite Period due to the capital city of the time: Sais, in the Delta. Egypt itself had been much diminished by then, but there was a brief resurgence under the powerful king Psamtik I Wahibra. This king restored much of the stability and. Weiß. Besonderheiten: Fahrradständer, Gepäckträger - Hinterrad, Fahrradkorb, Schutzbleche, Tiefeinsteiger, Reflektoren, Lichter - Nabendynamo, Kettenschutz, Höhenverstellbare Sattelstütze, Geeignet für Senioren. Marke: Dynasty. Reifengröße: 26 Zoll. Reifentyp: Schlauchreifen Hearst Museum Portal. Toggle facets Limit your search Object nam

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Egyptian Dynasties Twenty-Sixth Dynasty of Egyp

Get the complete overview of Dynasty's current lineup, upcoming matches, recent results and much mor bezogen auf Dynasty, LP, Album, Unofficial, Tur, JJB-6020 Date release : June 1979 (68/6 on label) in Chinese chronology Antworten Mich bei Antworten benachrichtigen Helpfu 17.12.2017 - 26. Dynastie, um 640 v. Chr., Theben-West, Deir el-Bahari (vermutlich), Kunsthistorisches Museum Wie Dynasty means rulers who belong to the same royal family for generations. The term is also used to describe the era during which that family ruled.. Famous dynasties were: from England: The House of Tudor (1485-1603) and the House of Stuart (1603-1714). from China: The Shang Dynasty (1766 BC-1050 BC), the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368), the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) and the Qing Dynasty (1644.

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Egyptian 26th Dynasty Bilder als Kunstdrucke

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Some Egyptologists place the 26th Dynasty in to Third Intermediate Period of Egypt's history, while others place it in the Late Period. Certainly, when Psammetikhos began his rule of Egypt, things were still chaotic, with various rulers claiming power. But Psammetikhos would consolidate his rule over Egypt, and reign for about a half a century, returning Egypt to stability The sarcophagus belongs to Djehuty Imhotep, the 26th dynasty of Ancient Egypt's high priest of Djehuty, and housed his remains. The title of high priest was one of the highest religious. Find the perfect 26th Dynasty stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. Select from premium 26th Dynasty of the highest quality , Leinwandbilder oder als Ölgemälde Tag: 26th Dynasty. Five young lion mummies unearthed in 26th Dynasty animal shaft in Saqqara. lashtal November 24, 2019 November 24, 2019 2 Comments on Five young lion mummies unearthed in 26th Dynasty animal shaft in Saqqara. The discovered cachet included hundreds of diversified objects, including 75 cat statues in various sizes, a wooden statue of the goddess Neith, who was the main goddess.

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  • o effect), but are hindered in their research by irresolvable conflicts with the firmly entrenched dates for Taharkha and the 26th dynasty pharaohs
  • Pharaoh Psamtik III's Deadly Encounter With Cambyses II Of Persia Ended The 26th Dynasty Of Egypt Tree Is Deeply Rooted In Beliefs And Cultural Traditions Of Ancient People Around The World Meskiaggasher: Legendary Founder Of The First Dynasty Of Uruk Who 'Entered The Sea And Disappeared
  • 26th dynasty in a sentence - Use 26th dynasty in a sentence 1. Bietak has also conducted excavations in western Nitokris ( 26th Dynasty ). 2. Scholars now start the 26th Dynasty with the reign of Psamtik I. click for more sentences of 26th dynasty..
  • Late 26th Dynasty 30th Dynasty Stock Photos and Images (5) Page 1 of 1. Bonhams, New Bond Street, London, UK. 22 November, 2018. Bonhams Antiquities sale features a magnificent selection of works depicting both exotic and domestic animals from the ancient world. Image: An Egyptian basalt bust of an official, late Period, late 26th Dynasty-30th Dynasty, circa 550-334 B.C. Estimate £40,000.
  • Tjayasetimo, 26th dynasty Repository British Museum Alternative Statue 1682 Creator unknown Photographer Lowenstam, Steven Creator Display unknown Ancient Egyptian (artist) Description Limestone standing figure of Tjayasetimu: in archaising dress, based on the conventional standing mortuary figures of the Old Kingdom, wearing short wig and kilt the waist-band of the kilt, the base and the.

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Most of the coffins are from the 26th Dynasty, which is considered by historians and archeologists as the last native dynasty to rule Egypt before the Persian conquest in 525 BC. Coffins from the. An Egyptian Diorite Figure of a Priest of the Temple of Mut, late 25th/early 26th Dynasty, circa 670-610 B.C 06.09.2012 - Egyptian Scarab. Carved Soapstone. 26th Dynasty, Circa 663-525 B.C. 1-3/4 x 1-1/4 26th Dynasty Ancient Egyptian Historical Memory Buto Class Introduction Deir el-Medina Demotic Evidence for Unification First Intermediate Period Heit el-Ghurab: an Old Kingdom Case Study Hellenistic Egypt Hieratic Hieroglyphs Introduction to the Environment of the Nile Valley & Surrounding Area Introduction to the Predynastic of.

LIVE Egyptian Tomb Opening 26th Dynasty Priest of Thoth

  • Amasis, also called Ahmose II, (flourished 6th century bce ), king (reigned 570-526 bce) of the 26th dynasty (664-525 bce see ancient Egypt: The Late period [664-332 bce]) of ancient Egypt, a general who seized the throne during a revolt against King Apries
  • 26th Dynasty photo and image search. Search six million images spanning more than 25,000 years of world history, from before the Stone Age to the dawn of the Space Age and find the perfect picture for your project from Granger
  • al of a ritual barque in the form of the aegis of Ra, late 26th Dynasty (664-525 BCE). British Museum, London, UK. British Museum, London, UK. At night he assumed a ram-headed form, Khnum, and made his journey through the underworld where he merged with Osiris, the god of the dead
  • Psamtik III, last king (reigned 526-525 bce) of the 26th dynasty (664-525 bce see ancient Egypt: The Late period [664-332 bce]) of ancient Egypt, who failed to block the Persian invasion of 525 and was later executed for treason. The 5th-century-bce Greek historian Herodotus, the primary sourc
  • An Egyptian Bronze Figure of Isis with Horus, 26th dynasty c. 664-525 BCE, via Sotheby's. Article continues below advertisement. In the ancient Egyptian religion, Isis (Aset or Eset for the Egyptians) was the wife and sister of Osiris and the mother of Horus

Egyptian 26th Dynasty, ca

It belongs to King Psamtik I, of the 26th Dynasty of Ancient Egypt. Height of that obelisk with its stand reaches 33.97 meters. It was installed in Montckiitori Plaza in Rome. It was brought from Heliopolis o Robe by August in 10 B.C. Obelisk of Deggali That obelisk belongs to Ramses II. Its height reaches 6.34 meters and it was installed in Diccolitan Baths. It was one of twin obelisks in. The 26th dynasty may be related to the 24th dynasty. Manetho begins the dynasty with: Ammeris the Nubian, 12 (or 18) years Stephinates, 7 years Nechepsos, 6 years Necho, 8 years. When the Nubian King Shabaka defeated Bakenrenef, son of Tefnakht, he likely installed a Nubian commander as governor at Sais. This may be the man named Ammeris. Stephinates may be a descendant of Bakenrenef. He is. The 26th Dynasty and the route, via the fortress of Arad. On Southern Levant the whole the pharaohs of the 26th Dynasty were more interested in In light of the evidence discussed the main trade-routes and in the above, it seems Psammetichus I coastal plain where they had bases established a system of Egyptian and important vassals like Ashkelon controlled vassal states in the South- and Ekron. 26th Dynasty (672-525), Gregorian Egyptian Museum (one ibis) (a flying ibis) Pronunciation. ANCIENT EGYPT - 100 % GUARANTEED AUTHENTIC - BEAUTIFUL FAIENCE USHABTI , 26TH DYNASTY. 600 - 300 B.C. Ushabtis. Ancient Egyptian religion held that when a soul passed from the realm of the living to that of the dead it could be called upon to tend the fields of Osiris—the divine ruler of the Egyptian underworld. Of course, after spending a full lifetime of toil, most Egyptians hoped that they would be able to relax and enjoy themselves once they were dead. Therefore, to avoid undue work in.

Collections Online British Museu

The corpus derives in large part from the Middle Kingdom (about 2025-1700 BC) Coffin Texts, and appears first on coffins and shrouds of the royal family in the 17th Dynasty (1650-1550 BC) from the reign of Hatshepsut (about 1450 BC) until the Roman Period (after 30 BC) the Book of the Dead was included in numerous elite burials, written on papyrus rolls in the 26th Dynasty the sequence of. The tomb group of Merit-Neith was, as all 26th Dynasty burials in TT414, heavily looted. The side board of the qrsw coffin which is already published (Anch-Hor vol. II, 176, fig. 75) was found in the debris of room 1, thus very close to the entrance (or exit, from the perspective of a looter).A fragmented Ptah-Sokar-Osiris-statue of Merit-Neith was unearthed in room 2, associated with. Many chapel facades of the 18th and 26th Dynasty were decorated with inscribed rows of clay cones (funerary cones). There are also other tomb types attested in New Kingdom Thebes. In the early 18th Dynasty mud brick chapels are common. Courtiers of outstanding status were buried in a shaft tomb at a great distance from the cult chapel: the same custom is found for the royal tombs. The tombs of.


Contents

Early Dynastic Edit

The earliest burials of nobles can be traced back to the First Dynasty, at the northern side of the Saqqara plateau. During this time, the royal burial ground was at Abydos. The first royal burials at Saqqara, comprising underground galleries, date to the Second Dynasty. The last Second Dynasty king, Khasekhemwy, was buried in his tomb at Abydos, but also built a funerary monument at Saqqara consisting of a large rectangular enclosure, known as Gisr el-Mudir. It probably inspired the monumental enclosure wall around the Step Pyramid complex. Djoser's funerary complex, built by the royal architect Imhotep, further comprises a large number of dummy buildings and a secondary mastaba (the so-called 'Southern Tomb'). French architect and Egyptologist Jean-Philippe Lauer spent the greater part of his life excavating and restoring Djoser's funerary complex.

Early Dynastic monuments Edit

  • tomb of king Hotepsekhemwy or Raneb
  • tomb of king Nynetjer , funerary complex of king Sekhemkhet , funerary complex of king Khasekhemwy , funerary complex of king Djoser

Old Kingdom Edit

Nearly all Fourth Dynasty kings chose a different location for their pyramids. During the second half of the Old Kingdom, under the Fifth and Sixth Dynasties, Saqqara was again the royal burial ground. The Fifth and Sixth Dynasty pyramids are not built wholly of massive stone blocks, but instead with a core consisting of rubble. Consequently, they are less well preserved than the world-famous pyramids built by the Fourth Dynasty kings at Giza. Unas, the last ruler of the Fifth Dynasty, was the first king to adorn the chambers in his pyramid with Pyramid Texts. During the Old Kingdom, it was customary for courtiers to be buried in mastaba tombs close to the pyramid of their king. Thus, clusters of private tombs were formed in Saqqara around the pyramid complexes of Unas and Teti.

Old Kingdom monuments Edit

    , tomb of king Shepseskaf (Dynasty Four) of the Fifth Dynasty
  • Pyramid of king Menkauhor
  • Mastaba of Ti
  • Mastaba of the Two Brothers (Khnumhotep and Niankhkhnum)
  • Mastaba of Ptahhotep (Dynasty Six)
  • Mastaba of Mereruka
  • Mastaba of Kagemni
  • Pyramid complex of king Pepi II Neferkare (now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art of New York)

First Intermediate Period monuments Edit

Middle Kingdom Edit

From the Middle Kingdom onward, Memphis was no longer the capital of the country, and kings built their funerary complexes elsewhere. Few private monuments from this period have been found at Saqqara.

Second Intermediate Period monuments Edit

New Kingdom Edit

During the New Kingdom Memphis was an important administrative and military centre, being the capital after the Amaran Period. From the Eighteenth Dynasty onward many high officials built tombs at Saqqara. While still a general, Horemheb built a large tomb here, although he later was buried as pharaoh in the Valley of the Kings at Thebes. Other important tombs belong to the vizier Aperel, the vizier Neferrenpet, the artist Thutmose, and the wet-nurse of Tutankhamun, Maia.

Many monuments from earlier periods were still standing, but dilapidated by this period. Prince Khaemweset, son of Pharaoh Ramesses II, made repairs to buildings at Saqqara. Among other things, he restored the Pyramid of Unas and added an inscription to its south face to commemorate the restoration. He enlarged the Serapeum, the burial site of the mummified Apis bulls, and was later buried in the catacombs. The Serapeum, containing one undisturbed interment of an Apis bull and the tomb of Khaemweset, were rediscovered by the French Egyptologist Auguste Mariette in 1851.

New Kingdom monuments Edit

  • Several clusters of tombs of high officials, among which the tombs of Horemheb and of Maya and Merit. Reliefs and statues from these two tombs are on display in the National Museum of Antiquities at Leiden, the Netherlands, and in the British Museum, London.

After the New Kingdom Edit

During the periods after the New Kingdom, when several cities in the Delta served as capital of Egypt, Saqqara remained in use as a burial ground for nobles. Moreover, the area became an important destination for pilgrims to a number of cult centres. Activities sprang up around the Serapeum, and extensive underground galleries were cut into the rock as burial sites for large numbers of mummified ibises, baboons, cats, dogs, and falcons.

Monuments of the Late Period, the Graeco-Roman and later periods Edit

  • Several shaft tombs of officials of the Late Period (the larger part dating to the Ptolemaeic Period)
  • The so-called 'Philosophers circle', a monument to important Greek thinkers and poets, consisting of statues of Hesiod, Homer, Pindar, Plato, and others (Ptolemaeic)
  • Several Coptic monasteries, among which the Monastery of Apa Jeremias (Byzantine and Early Islamic Periods)

Saqqara and the surrounding areas of Abusir and Dahshur suffered damage by looters during the 2011 Egyptian protests. Store rooms were broken into, but the monuments were mostly unharmed. [4] [5]

During routine excavations in 2011 at the dog catacomb in Saqqara necropolis, an excavation team led by Salima Ikram and an international team of researchers led by Paul Nicholson of Cardiff University uncovered almost eight million animal mummies at the burial site next to the sacred temple of Anubis. It is thought that the mummified animals, mostly dogs, were intended to pass on the prayers of their owners to their deities. [6]

"You don't get 8 million mummies without having puppy farms," she says. "And some of these dogs were killed deliberately so that they could be offered. So for us, that seems really heartless. But for the Egyptians, they felt that the dogs were going straight up to join the eternal pack with Anubis. And so they were going off to a better thing" said Salima Ikram. [7] [8]

In July 2018, German-Egyptian researchers’ team head by Ramadan Badry Hussein of the University of Tübingen reported the discovery of an extremely rare gilded burial mask that probably dates from the Saite-Persian period in a partly damaged wooden coffin. The last time a similar mask was found was in 1939. [9] The eyes were covered with obsidian, calcite, and black hued gemstone possibly onyx. "The finding of this mask could be called a sensation. Very few masks of precious metal have been preserved to the present day, because the tombs of most Ancient Egyptian dignitaries were looted in ancient times." said Hussein. [10] [11]

In September 2018, several dozen cache of mummies dating 2,000 years back were found by a team of Polish archaeologists led by Kamil Kuraszkiewicz from the Faculty of Oriental Studies of the University of Warsaw. [12] The Polish-Egyptian expedition works under the auspices of the Polish Centre of Mediterranean Archaeology University of Warsaw. [13] Investigations were carried out for over two decades in the area to the west of the Djoser Pyramid. The most important discoveries include the tomb of vizier Merefnebef with a funerary chapel decorated with multi-colored reliefs, which was uncovered in 1997. [14] as well as the tomb of courtier Nyankhnefertem uncovered in 2003. [15] The expedition also explored two necropoles. Archaeologists revealed several dozen graves of noblemen from the period of the 6th Dynasty, dating to the 24th–21st century BC, and 500 graves of indigent people dating approximately to the 6th century BC – 1st century AD. Most of the bodies were poorly preserved and all organic materials, including the wooden caskets, had decayed. [12] [16] [17] The tombs discovered most recently (in 2018) form part of the younger, so-called Upper Necropolis. [18]

Most of the mummies we discovered last season were very modest, they were only subjected to basic embalming treatments, wrapped in bandages and placed directly in pits dug in the sand

The research of the Polish-Egyptian expedition also focuses on the interpretation of the so-called Dry Moat, a vast trench hewn around the Djoser Pyramid. The most recent discoveries confirm the hypothesis that the Dry Moat was a model of the pharaoh's journey to the netherworld, a road the deceased ruler had to follow to attain eternal life. [13] [19] [20]

In November 2018, an Egyptian archaeological mission located seven ancient Egyptian tombs at the ancient necropolis of Saqqara containing a collection of scarab and cat mummies dating back to the Fifth and Sixth Dynasties. [21] Three of the tombs were used for cats, some dating back more than 6,000 years, while one of four other sarcophagi was unsealed. With the remains of cat mummies were unearthed gilded and 100 wooden statues of cats and one in bronze dedicated to the cat goddess Bastet. In addition, funerary items dating back to the 12th Dynasty were found besides the skeletal remains of cats. [22] [23] [24] [25]

In mid-December 2018, the Egyptian government announced the discovery at Saqqara of a previously unknown 4,400-year-old tomb, containing paintings and more than fifty sculptures. It belongs to Wahtye, a high-ranking priest who served under King Neferirkare Kakai during the Fifth Dynasty. [26] The tomb also contains four shafts that lead to a sarcophagus below. [27]

On 13 April 2019, an expedition led by a member of the Czech Institute of Egyptology, Mohamed Megahed, discovered a 4,000-year-old tomb near Egypt's Saqqara Necropolis. Archaeologists confirmed that the tomb belonged to an influential person named Khuwy, who lived in Egypt during the 5th Dynasty. [28] [29] [30] [31] "The L-shaped Khuwy tomb starts with a small corridor heading downwards into an antechamber and from there a larger chamber with painted reliefs depicting the tomb owner seated at an offerings table", reported Megahed. [29] Some paintings maintained their brightness over a long time in the tomb. Mainly made of white limestone bricks, the tomb had a tunnel entrance generally typical for pyramids. [29] Archaeologists say that there might be a connection between Khuwy and pharaoh because the mausoleum was found near the pyramid of Egyptian Pharaoh Djedkare Isesi, who ruled during that time. [28] [30] [29] [31]

On 3 October 2020, Khalid el-Anany, Egypt's tourism and antiquities minister announced the discovery of at least 59 sealed sarcophagi with mummies more than 2,600 years old. Archaeologists also revealed the 20 statues of Ptah-Soker and a carved 35-centimeter tall bronze statue of god Nefertem. [32] [33] [34]

On 19 October 2020, the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities announced the discovery of more than 2,500 years of colorful, sealed sarcophagi. The archaeological team unearthed gilded, wooden statues and more than 80 coffins. [35] [36]

In November 2020, archaeologists unearthed more than 100 delicately painted wooden coffins and 40 funeral statues. The sealed, wooden coffins, some containing mummies, date as far back as 2,500 years. Other artifacts discovered include funeral masks, canopic jars and amulets. [37] According to Khaled el-Anany, tourism and antiquities minister, the items date back to the Ptolemaic dynasty. One of the coffins was opened and a mummy was scanned with an X-ray, determining it was most likely a man about the age of 40. Another burial site 2100 BC was found a whole family was buried considered to be a rich person's found by his weak bone structure, death determined to be malaria. [38]

“This discovery is very important because it proves that Saqqara was the main burial of the 26th Dynasty,” said Zahi Hawass, an Egyptologist and Egypt's former Minister of State for Antiquities Affairs. [39] [40]

In January 2021, The tourism and antiquities ministry announced the discovery of more than 50 wooden sarcophagi in 52 burial shafts which date back to the New Kingdom period, each around 30 to 40 feet deep and a 13 ft-long papyrus that contains texts from the Chapter 17 of Book of the Dead. Papyrus scroll written in hieroglyphics belonged to a man named Bu-Khaa-Af whose name is written on it. His name can also be seen on his sarcophagus and on four wood-and-ceramic figurines called ushabtis. [41] [42]

A team of archaeologists led by Zahi Hawass also found the funerary temple of Naert or Narat and warehouses made of bricks. [43] [44] [45] Researchers also revealed that Narat’s name engraved on a fallen obelisk near the main entrance. Previously unknown to researchers, Naert was a wife of Teti, the first king of the sixth dynasty. [46]


Mary Ann Bernal

An Egyptian mission from the Ministry of Antiquities recently came across 10 previously undiscovered rock-hewn tombs on the West Bank of Aswan. They say the tombs date to the Late Period (664� BC) and contain sarcophagi, mummies, and funerary collections.

The team was working at the nearby Agha Kahn mausoleum when they found the tombs. Nasr Salama, director-general of Aswan and Nubia Antiquities, told Ahram Online the tombs are architecturally similar. All feature sliding steps leading to an entrance, followed by a small burial chamber. Inside those chambers the researchers have found stone sarcophagi and mummies, as well as artifacts such as a gilded coffin, painted mummy mask, clay pot, and canopic jars.

A painted mummy mask found as part of one of the funerary collections. ( Ahram Online )

Funerary goods were very important elements of ancient Egyptian burials. As Ancient Origins writer Dhwty explained in an article on enigmatic funerary cones :

“Ancient Egyptians were extremely concerned about the afterlife, and they did all they could to provide for the dead. Funerary goods were buried with the dead to provide protection and sustenance in the afterlife. Amulets and magic spells, for example, protected and aided the dead in their journey through the Underworld, whilst little figurines called shabtis could be magically animated to perform tasks for the dead in the afterlife. Other common items buried with the dead include jewelry, pottery, furniture and food.”

A canopic jar found in one of the Aswan tombs. ( Ministry of Antiquities )

An initial study of the tombs suggests that they are likely an extension of the Aswan necropolis containing overseers from the Old, Middle, and New kingdom. The team will return to excavations and conservation work on the tombs in September. They hope to learn more about the deceased at that time.

In June 2015, Mark Miller reported for Ancient Origins that six other ancient Egyptian tombs belonging to elite members of the 26th dynasty of the Late Pharaonic Period were found in the necropolis near Agha Khan’s mausoleum. Before that, only tombs from the early and middle dynasties had been excavated in that part of Aswan.

Those tombs were looted in the unrest of 2011, but a number of stunning artifacts were still found including some sarcophagi with mummies intact, statues of the falcon-headed god Horus and his four sons, and amulets of different colors, shapes and sizes.

The Brooklyn Papyrus, an ancient Egyptian medical papyrus dating from about 450 BC. ( Brooklyn Museum )

Top Image: Part of a gilded coffin which was found in one of the Aswan tombs. Source: Ministry of Antiquities


Newly Found Ancient Tombs in Egypt Revealed 40 Mummies of More Than 2,000 Years Old

A recent discovery unearthed a maze of tombs in Egypt where archaeologists found tens of mummies of more than 2,000 years old. The tombs date back to the Ptolemaic Dynasty which ruled over Egypt between 305 and 30 B.C.

“The mummies, which likely belonged to a family from the elite middle class, were discovered at the Egyptian archaeological site called Tuna el-Gebel, which lies to the west of the Nile River, the Egyptian antiquities ministry announced. The burials date back to a line of rulers descended from Ptolemy Soter, who was one of Alexander the Great’s generals,” Live Science reported.

According to Minister of Antiquities Khaled El-Enany, all the mummies are well-preserved, and some of them are of kids wrapped in linen decorated with an ancient Egyptian script called Demotic writing. Also, some of the men and women were buried there with their companion animals. “These animals were so dear to their owners that they buried them in their tomb,” said Archaeologist Mohamed Ragab.

Newly Found Ancient Tombs in Egypt Revealed More Than 40 Mummies of More Than 2,000 Years Old

“The newly discovered tombs are a familial grave which was probably for a family from the upper middle class,” reported Minister of Antiquities Khaled El-Enany for Ahram Online, an Egyptian news portal.

“The grave consists of a number of burial chambers containing a large number of human mummies of different genders and age, including children. All are in a good conservation condition, and some are wrapped in linen, or decorated with Demotic handwriting. There are over 40 mummies. Some of them still have fragments of colored cartonnage covers near their feet,” reported Ahram Online, citing Khaled El-Enany.

“The methods used in burying the mummies inside the maze of tombs vary in style,” added Mostafa Waziri, the secretary-general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities of Egypt.

Vadim is a passionate writer on various topics but especially on stuff related to health, technology, and science. Therefore, for Great Lakes Ledger, Vadim will cover health and Sci&Tech news.


Ancient Egyptian ‘city of the dead’ discovery reveals ‘elite’ mummies, jars filled with organs and mystery snake cult

A new burial chamber was uncovered along with a wide grave complex with five burial chambers. At the bottom of the municipal burial shaft of the Mummification Workshop (30 m deep), which was discovered in 2018. In a tomb deep below the desert, Egyptologist Ramadan Hussein (left) and mummy specialist Salima Ikram (right) examine the coffin of a woman who was laid to rest inside a limestone sarcophagus weighing more than seven tons.

This came during the excavation work carried out by an Egyptian-German team at the University of Tübingen, working in Saqqara.

After more than a year of discovery and documentation, the project discovered the sixth burial chamber hidden behind a 2600-year-old stone wall.

Dr. Mostafa Waziri, Secretary-General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities declared that the newly discovered chamber held four poorly preserved wooden coffins.

Dr. Ramadan Badri Hussein pointed out to a woman named Didibastett who belongs to one of the coffins. She was buried with six Canopic jars that refute ancient Egyptian costume to embalm the deceased’s lungs, stomach, intestines, and liver, and then store them in four jars under the protection of four gods, revered as the Four Sons of Horus.

Workers use a hand-cranked winch to lower tools and other gear to the mummy workshop and tombs 100 feet below. The burial complex occupied a prime location at Saqqara—within sight of the Step Pyramid of Djoser, one of Egypt’s oldest and most sacred monuments.

The Mission used computerized tomography (CT) scan to examine the content of Didibastet’s two extra canopic jars, and the preliminary analysis of the images indicates that the two jars contain human tissue.

Based on this result, Didibastet may have received a special form of mummification which preserved six of her body’s organs.

The radiologist at the Mission is currently conducting an in-depth study of the images to identify the two extra organs.

After examining the texts in the burial chambers on the coffins and sarcophagi, the mission named priests and priestesses of a mysterious snake goddess, known as Niut-shaes.

Indications are that Niut-shaes priests were buried together, and she was made a popular goddess during Dynasty 26. Maybe, in Memphis, the administrative capital of ancient Egypt, she had a large temple.

Possibly Egyptianized immigrants were a priestess and a priest of Niut-shaes who had been buried in the same chamber. Their titles, Ayput and Tjanimit, were common among the Libyan group which had settled in Egypt since Dynasty 22 (ca. 943-716 BC).

Ancient Egypt was a multicultural society that welcomed, refugees from different parts of the ancient world, including Greeks, Libyans, and Phoenicians.

Dr. Ramadan Badri said the mission carried out non-invasive research, called X-ray fluorescence, on the gilded silver mask discovered on the face of the mummy of a goddess Niut-shaes priestess.

This check determined 99.07 percent of the purity of the silver mask, higher than 92.5 percent of Sterling Silver.

A priest named Ayput was interred in a stone sarcophagus carved in the shape of a human, a style known as anthropoid. The mummy’s wrapping were coated with tar or resin, giving it a dark color. Some of those buried at the complex were identified as priests and priestesses of a mysterious snake goddess.

This gold-silver mask is the first one ever to be found in Egypt since 1939, and the third of these masks ever to be found in Egypt.

An international team of archaeologists and chemists from the University of Tübingen, the University of Munich, and the Egyptian National Research Center in Cairo performed chemical testing of the residue of oils and resins contained in mummification workshop cups, bowls, and pots. Recent test results include a list of mummification compounds, including bitumen (tar.)

Dr. Ramadan said: “Mummification was a business transaction between an individual and an embalmer in which the embalmer was a specialist, a priest, and a businessman.

We know from many papyri that there was a class of priests and embalmers who were paid to arrange for the funeral of a deceased, including the mummification of his / her body and the purchase of a grave or a coffin.”


Egyptian archaeologists discover 50 mummies at ancient burial site

According to an official statement released by the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities, an Egyptian archeological mission has found in the archeological site of Tuna El Gebel a collection of burial chamber from the Ptolemaic period.

This discovery was revealed last year, including the identification of 50 mummies, which is the result of a partnership with a project from the Ministry as the Minya University Study Center of Archeological Studies.

All the mummies and grave goods were discovered nine meters deep in the site of Tuna El-Gebel in four burial chambers.

The burial cache was revealed to the public , as well as officials including the minister of tourism Dr. Rania Al-Mashat , the Supreme Council Secretary General of Antiquities Dr. Mostafa Waziri , Major General Kassem Hussein, the governor of the Minya parliament.

Amongst the attendees were ambassadors and cultural attachés from 11 foreign countries at the announcement ceremony held on site. Some of the mummies were found inside stone sarcophagi.

Minister of Antiquities, Khaled El Enany announced that the discovery was the first of the year 2019 and it would be considered the third discovery announced in the governorate of Minya since he took office.

It is most likely that the newly discovered tombs constitute a familial grave, possibly belonging to an elite middle class family.

Many of the differently-aged mummies of men, women and around 12 children were in good condition. Some bore traces of Demotic handwriting, with fragments of colored cartonnage covering near the feet some of the children mummies were also wrapped in linen.

One of the more decorative mummies discovered in the tomb complex

According to Waziri, the mission had found ostraca and fragments of papyri in the grave which assisted in the dating of the grave to the Ptolemaic, early Roman and Byzantine periods.

He also stated that the mummies had all been buried differently with some wooden or stone sarcophagi being directly placed in the sands, inside niches or on the rock floors of the tombs.

The latter refer to periods in which ancient Egyptian history was most recent.

Fragments of colored cartonnage found with the mummy wrappings

Head of the mission, Dr. Wagdi Ramadan, stated that work at the tombs had started in February 2018 with the discovery of a singular tomb engraved in rock.

As it stands, the tombs are divided with one chamber being in the western side while another lies in the northern side.

Both chambers, executed in the style for which the Tuna El Gebel is known for in terms of burials, were home to eternally-dwelling mummies as well as stone sarcophagi, some of which placed in niches.

Tuna El Gebel village, known for its archeological tombs, is also home to the Roman cemetery, the animal sacred cemetery, Isadora’s tomb as well as the tomb of Petosiris.

Although the village is small and has around 20,000 residents, its archeological identity has contributed to bringing foreign tourists to the region, namely to visit the 28th dynasty high priest of the god Thoth at Hermopolis.


Watch the video: Αρχαία Αίιγυπτος Μούμιες - Mummies Ancient Aegypt